Hemorrhoids-Types, Cause, Signs, Control and Treatment
A hemorrhoid, also known as pile, is a swollen vein or clusters of veins on the lowest part of rectum or on the anal region. This can cause pain and discomfort. There are four types of hemorrhoids;
- Internal hemorrhoids.
Internal hemorrhoids occur in rectum. In most cases you will not see the hemorrhoid and they do not cause pain and discomfort. Although at times when you strain while passing stool, there might be painless bleeding which you will notice either on the tissue paper or in the toilet.
- Prolapsed hemorrhoids.
Prolapsed hemorrhoid bulges outwards from the anus. It can be quite painful and at times may bleed.
- External hemorrhoids.
External hemorrhoids occur outside the body, that is to mean around the anal region.
- Thrombosed hemorrhoids.
Thrombosed hemorrhoids when a blood clot develops inside a hemorrhoidal vein blocking blood flow around the anal region. This causes swelling and pain on the anal region and could lead to rectal bleeding in case they are ulcerated.
What causes hemorrhoids?
There are a number of reasons why you have hemorrhoids.
- Pregnancy; The weight of the uterus could insert a lot of pressure on your veins causing them to swell.
- Obesity or overweight
- Regular heavy lifting of objects
- Straining during bowel movements
- Chronic diarrhea or constipation
- Eating a low fiber diet
- Stress; When you are stressed, you might have problems with digestion which might lead to constipation
What are the signs of Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are usually self-diagnosable and the most common symptom is discomfort especially when moving your bowels. Other signs include;
- Pain in the rectum and around the anal region
- Itching or irritation on your anal region
- Blood on the tissue paper or toilet after a bowel movement
- Pain during bowel movements
What’s the Control and Treatment for Hemorrhoids?
I would advise you to first try the non-surgical remedies immediately you notice you are suffering from hemorrhoids. This include;
- Doing light exercises.
Doing light exercises makes sure you do not hurt yourself but you are strengthening muscles in your lower back and pelvic area, so that you can have a regular bowel movement. It also improves circulation on your pelvic area and this allow sufficient flow of oxygen and nutrients to the affected areas. These exercises include walks and swimming.
- Eating foods rich in high fiber content.
Foods rich in high fiber content will help ease your problem with constipation. Learn more on what type of foods to eat that will enrich you with high fiber content here (foods to be considered when you have hemorrhoids)
- Drink more water.
Make sure you stay hydrated. Water will soften and smoothen your bowels easing your bowel movements. You can take juice also as an alternative to water.
- Apply an over the counter cream or a suppository containing hydrocortisone.
An over the counter cream will reduce the itchiness that results from hemorrhoids. You can also use vaseline especially before you visit the lavatory, this will help to reduce friction.
Surgical option includes removal of the hemorrhoid. There are different surgical types that could be used to remove the swollen blood veins.
- Rubber band litigation.
This involves tying a rubber band around the swollen vein to prevent blood flow to the hemorrhoid. This will prevent circulation to the hemorrhoid and it will fall off. I t is the most common surgical method used.
In case you have an internal hemorrhoid, I would recommend this type of surgical treatment. An injection of a chemical solution will be made on the internal hemorrhoid. The injection makes the nerve ending around the hemorrhoid numb and this will reduce the pain felt. Besides that, a scar will be formed that will restrict blood supply to the hemorrhoid and it will fall off.
This helps with treating bleeding internal hemorrhoids that are small and medium sized. An infrared light or electric current is used to create a tissue scar around the hemorrhoid that blocks blood supply to the hemorrhoid causing it to fall off due to lack of circulation.
- Hemorrhoid stapling.
This option treats prolapsed hemorrhoids, not external hemorrhoids. Studies show that this process is less painful. However, there is a chance of a hemorrhoid recurring. The hemorrhoid is stapled in position within the anal canal. This prevents blood supply to the hemorrhoid and allows it to disintegrate slowly.
This option removes the hemorrhoid completely by an operation being done on the affected area.
Hemorrhoids is not a deadly disease. You should not be afraid when you find out that you have piles. It is a completely manageable health condition that you could live with.