Watch Out For Diabetes
Be informed about the risk factors for developing diabetes Mellitus and how to manage diabetic complications if you have Type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes is a metabolic disease wherein the body does not produce or adequately use the Hormone insulin, leading to a dysregulation of Glucose. Diabetes owes its importance to the fact that it is a silent Killer. It leads to a large number of serious complications which are disabling, besides drastically reducing the quality of life.
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disorder of absolute deficiency in insulin secretion as a result of pancreatic beta cell destruction due to environmental exposures in Genetically susceptible individuals. It Comprises 5 to 10% of all diabetes and in most cases, it’s diagnosed at a very early age. It is characterized by abrupt onset of severe symptoms, proneness to ketosis, presence of one or more of the classical symptoms polyuria (excessive urination), polydipsia (excess thirst) and polyphagia (Excessive eating). The cornerstone of type 1 DM management is Providing insulin at all times.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus(T2DM) now forms the majority of the problem from a lifestyle and non-communicable diseases point of view, comprising 85 to 90% of all diabetes cases. T2DM is often present years before diagnosis. Early diagnosis and treatment aim to reduce progression of cardiovascular disease and hyperglycaemia.
RISK FACTORS FOR TYPE 2 DIABETES
Genetic variations likely act together with health and lifestyle factors to influence an individual’s overall risk of type 2 diabetes. If you’ve been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, there’s a good chance that you’re not the first person with diabetes in your family. You’re more likely to develop this condition if your parent or sibling has it. There are diagnostic conditions characterized by a dysregulation of Glucose homeostasis that precede the onset of Diabetes mellitus: these conditions include the Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired Glucose tolerance (IGT), in which the progression to diabetes is favored by obesity, reduced Physical activity, and sedentary lifestyle. Overweight has been identified as the single most Predictive factor for the development of type 2 Diabetes while insulin resistance has been identified as a causative factor for type 2 diabetes.